อ้างอิง www.jafaphotography.comสำหรับคนหัดถ่ายภาพ

Right Image: Minolta Maxxum 9xi, 100mm f-2.8 macro lens, Fuji Velvia 50, Bogen tripod and pan/tilt head. Multi-segment metering, 1/125 sec at f-11. Aperture priority and manual focus.

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Left Image: Minolta Maxxum 9000, 300mm f-2.8 APO lens, Fuji Velvia 50, Bogen tripod and ball head. Spot meter, 1/125 sec at f-2.8 on manual exposure and manual focus.

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Left Image: Minolta Maxxum 9000, 100mm f-2.8 macro lens, Kodachrome 25, Bogen tripod and pan/tilt head. Spot meter, 1/4 sec at f-8. Manual exposure mode and manual focus.

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Right Image: Minolta Maxxum 9Xi, 300mm f-2.8 APO lens, Fuji Velvia 50, rice bag for support.
Spot meter, 1/250 sec at f-5.6, +1/2 exposure compensation. Aperture priority and manual focus.

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Right Image: Minolta Maxxum 9000, Tokina 80-200mm f-2.8 lens, Fuji Velvia 50, Bogen tripod and pan/tilt head. Spot meter (rocks) 1/4 sec at f-16. Manual exposure mode and manual focus.

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Right Image: Minolta Maxxum 9, 200mm f-2.8 APO lens, Fuji Velvia 50, Bogen tripod and ball head. Spot meter ( leaves). Exposure not recorded. Manual exposure mode and manual focus.

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Right Image: Canon EOS D60, Tamron 70-210mm f-2.8, Kenko extension tubes, 1/8 sec at f-8

By slowing down and looking around you will develop an eye for photography. Your own unique vision that will separate you from snap shooters. Once you have picked a spot and found a good subject, look through the viewfinder without attaching your camera to your tripod. Once you find a good composition, set up your camera on your tripod and take the shot. Switch to a different lens and move around and look for a different view.

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การถ่ายภาพ เป็นทั้งศิลป์ และศาสตร์ ถ่ายทอดสีสัน อารมณ์ร่วม ความรู้สึก โดยใช้เครื่องมือที่มีความละเอียดสูง ในท่ามกลางสถานที่ที่เป็นจริง

20 ขั้น เพื่อการถ่ายภาพที่ดี

20 list of the steps you need to take to create great images.

  1. Take your time. Don't just point and shoot the minute you see something you like to photograph. Look around to find the best possible angle. Look through the viewfinder and try different focal length lenses.
  2. Use the ''rule of thirds'' to compose your shot. Divide the frame into thirds like a tic-tac-toe grid. Place your subject within different lines until you see the best composition.
  3. Check the corners of the frame for any unwanted objects. Don't include more than it is necessary.
  4. Make sure objects in the scene relate to each other. Don't include distracting colors or background or anything else that might take the viewer's attention away from the main subject.
  5. Use a tripod to compose your shots. You can fine tune your composition much better than handholding your camera.
  6. Don't always trust your camera meter. Remember, all metering systems want to do one thing and that is to make an average middletone result. Make necessary adjustments for lighter or darker than middletone subjects.
  7. Pay close attention to the direction of the light. Photography is about light. Frontlight, backlight, and sidelight each greatly affect the results and change the mood in photographs.
  8. Use spot metering for metering the most important part of the scene. If your camera does not have spot metering, use a telephoto lens to take a reading and lock exposure on manual mode. Switch to your original lens to take the shot.
  9. Work in manual mode for stationary objects. You can quickly and easily adjust exposure settings. By referring to the exposure index in the viewfinder and working in stops, you can fine tune your exposure.
  10. Use manual focus for stationary objects. You can pick the best focus point for maximum depth-of-field. Refer to hyper focal distance mark on your lens if it has one to make sure selected f-stop and focus point covers required depth-of-field.
  11. Use depth-of-field preview to check the range of sharp focus. Use the f-stop that covers required depth-of-field and don't stop down more than you have to. Smaller f-stops require slower shutter speeds which can cause blurred images due to wind, mirror vibration, and subject movement.
  12. Use a tripod for maximum sharpness. Nothing beats a tripod for taking razor sharp images. Expensive cameras and lenses are worthless in shaky hands. If your images are sharp handheld, a tripod will make them razor sharp.
  13. Avoid both ends of the lens' aperture range. All lenses are at their sharpest when closed down two or three stops from widest aperture. Wide open aperture may produce soft corners while very small apertures can affect overall sharpness due to diffraction.
  14. Buy the best lens you can afford. Lenses are more important than cameras. Lenses greatly affect the sharpness of images. If you need to decide on a better camera or lens, definitely go for the lens. Any currently made camera will work fine for taking good pictures, but it is the lens that produces sharp images if used with good technique.
  15. Use good film. Use slower finer grain films for better sharpness. Use faster films only if you have to, such as working in low light. Try several brands and learn their characteristics. Pick the ones that you feel gives the sharpness and colors you want.
  16. Use a cable release to release the shutter. By using the camera shutter release you risk shaking the camera which can result in unsharp images. Cable release lets you release shutter without touching the camera.
  17. Use mirror lock up if your camera has one. When you release the shutter the mirror swings out of the way allowing light to reach the film. This can create vibrations and create unsharp images. With this feature you raise the mirror and lock it prior to exposure to prevent any vibrations. Mirror vibration is a more of a problem when using telephoto and macro lenses. If your camera doesn't have this feature, avoid speeds between 1/8 to 1/30 sec.
  18. Avoid using UV or Skylight protective filters. All lenses are at their sharpest without any filter attached. Filters degrade image quality to some degree. Cheap filters turn an expensive lens into a cheap lens.
  19. Use quality filters. Polarizers, graduated neutral density, close-up filters, are great tools for improving your pictures as well as many other types of filters. Buy the best you can afford and use them one at a time.
  20. Use a lens hood at all times. Lens hoods reduces flare and protect the lens from scratches.

ถัดมา คุณต้องมีเบสิคพื้นฐาน เพื่อเป็นช่างภาพที่ดี

Next you need to learn the basics.

  1. Don't rush. You can't learn everything in a short period of time.
  2. Don't be too concerned about equipment. Start with minimum of gear and add slowly. You don't need top line cameras and lenses. If Ansel Adams were alive today, he could beat me in any photo competition with his old camera and lenses.
  3. Buy what you think works for the type of photography you do. You will definitely change gear in the future and you'll know exactly what you'll need. That is another important factor in becoming a better photographer. Be less concerned about equipment and more about learning exposure, composition, and light. A $2000 camera outfit does not make good photographers. It only proves that you could afford it.
  4. Spend time getting to know your equipment. Read the manual and become familiar with the controls. Out in the field is no place to figure out which dial changes the shutter speed.
  5. Read as much as you can about photography. Start with the basics. Shutter speeds, apertures, exposure, etc.
  6. Learn from your mistakes. Find out what went wrong and what you need to do to correct it.
  7. Give yourself an assignment. Pretend you've been hired by the National Geographic and sent out on an assignment. This makes you to think more before releasing the shutter release. You become more aware of your surrounding and begin to look for details.
  8. Don't push yourself to become a pro to start making money. Give it time. You can learn more about photography as a hobby than as a business. Hobbies are fun and there is no stress.
  9. Take lots of pictures. By taking more pictures, you gain the experience and knowledge needed to become a better photographer.
  10. Take your time and examine the scene you are about to photograph. Walk around to find the best possible angle and view the scene through different lenses to see which gives the best possible result.
  11. Get to know your subjects. This is especially true if you like to photograph wildlife. Knowledge about animal behavior is more important than knowledge about photography.
  12. Respect your subject. No photograph is worth risking the safety of your subject. Except for still life and portrait photography, you shouldn't rearrange a scene. Don't pick flowers and place them anywhere you like. Keep a safe distance between yourself and wildlife and allow animals to move around without putting stress on them. Don't photograph people who do not want to be photographed. Don't walkup to a person and point the camera and shoot. Ask first. Respect and get to know the rules. Many national parks for instance, have regulations that you may not like. These rules are made to protect wildlife and natural resources. Some countries have laws against photographing certain places such as private homes, military bases, even wildlife.

ถ่ายภาพให้คมเล็กๆ น้อยๆ

1 เลือกกล้องที่ดีที่สุด เลนซ์ราคาแพง ไม่ได้การันตี ภาพคม อยากให้ภาพคมที่สุด ต้องใช้ ขาตั้งกล้อง

2 อย่าใช้ฟิวเตอร์ ปิดหน้าเลนซ์

3 รูรับแสง ทำให้ภาพคมขึ้น

4 เลนซ์ใหญ่ ดีกว่าเลนซ์เล็ก

5 ISOยิ่งตํ่ายิ่งดี

6 เลนซ์มีความคลาดแสงตํ่า Low Dispersion ดูคำว่า APO หรือ SLD ในชิ้นเลนซ์

7 ดูแสง และทิศทางแสง

8 วัดแสง และควบคุมการให้นํ้าหนักแสง ส่วนมืด และสว่าง ตามการสร้างสรรค์ภาพ

9 ใช้แมนน่วลโหมด (High tech, auto everything cameras are
great, but we can easily become slaves to them.
Setting our cameras to Program, autofocus mode, autobracketing, and auto zoom won't guarantee successful photographs. ) เพื่อรู้ บันทึก จำ ปรับปรุงข้อผิดพลาดภายหลัง

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#4 By Term Papers Writing (119.157.187.22) on 2010-09-27 14:20

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#3 By เทคนิคการถ่ายภาพ (118.173.4.226) on 2008-05-24 01:19

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#2 By thE pAt on 2006-02-21 16:11

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ขอเซฟเก็บไว้ฝึกนะคะ ขอบคุณมากๆค่า